Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness

William N. Copley, Robert Frank, Saul Leiter and Saul Steinberg

EXHIBITION Apr 25 — Jul 4, 2019

SAUL STEINBERG (1914–1999)

Untitled, 1946

ink on paper

36,8 x 57,8 cm

© The Saul Steinberg Foundation / Courtesy: Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

SAUL STEINBERG (1914–1999)

Untitled, 1949–54

ink on paper

36,5 x 58,4 cm

© The Saul Steinberg Foundation / Courtesy: Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

SAUL STEINBERG (1914–1999)

Street War (Cadavre Exquis), 1972-74

pencil, crayon, colored pencil, and ballpen on paper

53,4 x 34,3 cm

© The Saul Steinberg Foundation / Courtesy: Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

SAUL STEINBERG (1914–1999)

Untitled, 1952

ink, watercolor, crayon, stamp, and pencil on paper

36,8 x 58,4 cm

© The Saul Steinberg Foundation / Courtesy: Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

SAUL STEINBERG (1914–1999)

Four Figures, 1970

pencil, conté crayon, and stamp on paper

45,7 x 55,9 cm

© The Saul Steinberg Foundation / Courtesy: Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

SAUL STEINBERG (1914–1999)

Cairo, 1974

ink, crayon, colored pencil, pencil, and watercolor on paper

48,9 x 63,2 cm

© The Saul Steinberg Foundation / Courtesy: Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

WILLIAM N. COPLEY (1919–1996)

Untitled, 1961

graphite and oil on canvas

80 x 64 cm

© William N. Copley Estate / Copley LLC / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2019 / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

SAUL LEITER (1923–2013)

Untitled (Barbara, nude), n.d.

gelatin silver print, printed 1970s

13,8 x 9 cm

© Saul Leiter Foundation / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York

SAUL LEITER (1923–2013)

Untitled (Barbara, nude), n.d.

gelatin silver print, printed 1970s

23,9 x 15,6 cm

© Saul Leiter Foundation / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York

SAUL LEITER (1923–2013)

Untitled (Barbara and Jay), n.d.

gelatin silver print, printed 1970s

9,6 x 14,7 cm

© Saul Leiter Foundation / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York

WILLIAM N. COPLEY (1919–1996)

Untitled (Ship of Fools), 1989

acrylic on canvas

152,5 x 193,5 cm

© William N. Copley Estate / Copley LLC / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2019 / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

WILLIAM N. COPLEY (1919–1996)

T-Shirt Shop, 1995

acrylic on canvas

76,5 x 132 cm

© William N. Copley Estate / Copley LLC / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2019 / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

WILLIAM N. COPLEY (1919–1996)

Chien Bien Fou, 1959

oil on canvas

81 x 65 cm

© William N. Copley Estate / Copley LLC / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2019 / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

SAUL LEITER (1923–2013)

Barbara and Bettina, ca. 1950

gelatin silver print, printed 1970s

22,2 x 32,6 cm

© Saul Leiter Foundation / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York

WILLIAM N. COPLEY (1919–1996)

Buggy Seat, 1971

acrylic and marker on canvas

89 x 117 cm

© William N. Copley Estate / Copley LLC / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2019 / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

SAUL STEINBERG (1914–1999)

Two Notebooks, 1990

carved wood with gouache, pencil, crayon, copper, and ink on paper collage, on wooden plate

61 x 45,7 x 5 cm

© The Saul Steinberg Foundation / Courtesy: Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

SAUL STEINBERG (1914–1999)

Don Fabrizio, 1984

carved wood with gouache, colored pencil, pencil, stamp, gold foil, and metal on wooden plate

61 x 45,7 x 5 cm

© The Saul Steinberg Foundation / Courtesy: Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

SAUL STEINBERG (1914–1999)

Untitled (homeless person), 1950

ink on gelatin silver print, photograph by Karl Bissinger

35,6 x 27,9 cm

© The Saul Steinberg Foundation / Courtesy: Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

SAUL STEINBERG (1914–1999)

Untitled, ca. 1950

gelatin silver print

35,5 x 28 cm

© The Saul Steinberg Foundation / Courtesy: Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

WILLIAM N. COPLEY (1919–1996)

Untitled, 1956

graphite and crayon on cardboard

37 x 41,5 cm

© William N. Copley Estate / Copley LLC / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2019 / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

WILLIAM N. COPLEY (1919–1996)

Untitled, 1985

ink and crayon on paper

28 x 21 cm

© William N. Copley Estate / Copley LLC / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2019 / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

WILLIAM N. COPLEY (1919–1996)

The Billard Lesson, 1991

felt pen and crayon on paper

76,2 x 101,6 cm

© William N. Copley Estate / Copley LLC / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2019 / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

WILLIAM N. COPLEY (1919–1996)

Towering Inferno, 1975

oil on canvas

90 x 116 cm

© William N. Copley Estate / Copley LLC / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2019 / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

WILLIAM N. COPLEY (1919–1996)

Untitled, 1964

ink on paper

61 x 45,7 cm

© William N. Copley Estate / Copley LLC / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2019 / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

WILLIAM N. COPLEY (1919–1996)

Untitled, 1964

ink on paper

61 x 48,3 cm

© William N. Copley Estate / Copley LLC / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2019 / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

SAUL STEINBERG (1914–1999)

Three Notebooks, 1989

carved wood with gouache, pencil, colored pencil, photograph, three polaroids on wooden plate

53,4 x 40,6 x 3,2 cm

© The Saul Steinberg Foundation / Courtesy: Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

WILLIAM N. COPLEY (1919–1996)

Untitled, 1959

oil on canvas

24 x 19 cm

© William N. Copley Estate / Copley LLC / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2019 / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

WILLIAM N. COPLEY (1919–1996)

Untitled, 1951

oil on canvas

65 x 81 cm

© William N. Copley Estate / Copley LLC / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2019 / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

WILLIAM N. COPLEY (1919–1996)

Jardinage, 1968

oil on canvas

55 x 33 cm

© William N. Copley Estate / Copley LLC / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2019 / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

WILLIAM N. COPLEY (1919–1996)

Untitled, 1962

watercolor, ink, and lace fabric on paper

12 x 22 cm

© William N. Copley Estate / Copley LLC / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2019 / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

WILLIAM N. COPLEY (1919–1996)

SADE, 1959

oil on canvas

27 x 22 cm

© William N. Copley Estate / Copley LLC / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2019 / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

WILLIAM N. COPLEY (1919–1996)

Untitled, 1960

oil on canvas

35 x 24 cm

© William N. Copley Estate / Copley LLC / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2019 / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese

SAUL LEITER (1923–2013)

Untitled (Barbara, nude), n.d.

gelatin silver print, printed 1970s

15,9 x 24,6 cm

© Saul Leiter Foundation / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York

SAUL LEITER (1923–2013)

Untitled (Nude), n.d.

gelatin silver print, printed 1970s

24,8 x 19,7 cm

© Saul Leiter Foundation / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York

SAUL LEITER (1923–2013)

Untitled (Nude), n.d.

gelatin silver print, printed 1970s

21 x 18,7 cm

© Saul Leiter Foundation / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York

SAUL LEITER (1923–2013)

Untitled (Barbara, nude), n.d.

gelatin silver print, printed 1970s

17,9 x 17,9 cm

© Saul Leiter Foundation / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York

SAUL LEITER (1923–2013)

Untitled (Soames, nude), n.d.

gelatin silver print, printed 1970s

18,4 x 18,7 cm

© Saul Leiter Foundation / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York

SAUL LEITER (1923–2013)

Untitled (Jay, nude), n.d.

gelatin silver print, printed 1970s

14,9 x 22,6 cm

© Saul Leiter Foundation / Courtesy Kicken Berlin & Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York

For Gallery Weekend 2019, Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese and Kicken Berlin co-curate the exhibition LIFE, LIBERTY, AND THE PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS with works by William N. Copley, Robert Frank, Saul Leiter and Saul Steinberg (on view at Galerie Friese on Fasanenplatz). With a common interest in everyday culture in America, the four artists each use different media—photography, painting, and drawing—to create a poignant portrait of a post-war society. The paintings of William N. Copley (1919–1996) revolve around sexual desire and depict a world of lust, intoxication, and the moral implications thereof in the ’50s and ’60s. Bridging European Surrealism and Pop Art, Copley’s work holds a truly unique position. Pieces from different complexes of work by Copley ranging from the 1950s to the 1990s are on view, which bear witness to the continuity and stylistic diversity of Copley’s cosmos. This includes his magazine S. M. S.—Shit Must Stop, in which Copley presented his contemporaries from Christo to La Monte Young. Robert Frank (born 1924) is one of the great innovators of documentary photography in the 20th century. He wrote photographic history with his radically subjective contemplation of The Americans in unadorned, rough and poetic images. With the eponymous publication in 1958, he revolutionized the aesthetics of the photo book. Frank was discovered by Alexey Brodovitch, the legendary art director, and photographed for magazines like Life, Fortune or Vogue until 1953. He travelled across the United States with a Guggenheim grant from 1955 to 1957 pursuing his project of a comprehensive picture series—what would later become The Americans. The Swiss-born artist explored the country by car with a fresh eye and a precise sensibility for the overlooked and unexpected—things that had never been seen and shown like this before. “(T)hat crazy feeling,” as the poet of the Beat Generation, Jack Kerouac wrote in his preface about the mysteriousness of daily life beneath the omnipresent American flag. Frank’s series was a statement on the American way of life—the street, the car, consumer culture, media and not least the people—from the wide-eyed perspective of a flexible “perception following chance” (Ute Eskildsen). And yet few, often dynamic shots, which were beyond all convention, sufficed for him to capture the very essence: “The photograph must be […] a confrontation with a power,” as Frank said in retrospect. Saul Steinberg (1914–1999), who became famous especially as an illustrator for the magazine The New Yorker and designed the cover of Frank’s The Americans, et al., narrated the dreams and nightmares of an entire generation of Americans in his virtuoso works. His unique style was influential and groundbreaking within the genre of drawing, breaking down the boundaries between illustration, cartoon and drawing; between high and low art. Along with drawings, the exhibition also includes collages by Steinberg. The painter and photographer Saul Leiter (1923–2013) is considered a pioneer of abstract, painterly, genre-busting photography. He captured impressions of vibrant street life in New York as well as shooting intimate studio portraits, including nudes that have only become public recently. Since the late 1940s, beside his commercial commissions as a fashion photographer, he created these tranquil pictures. Snapshots alternate with carefully composed images, resonating with the intimate mood of a personal connection. A silhouette, a gaze, a knee, an apparently carelessly opened blouse—Leiter looks at the young women with sympathy and empathy: there is no glamour or posing here, nothing bold. In contrast to Leiter’s abstractions of New York city life in color, the nudes decidedly foreground individuality, without the use of overly free formal composition. Beyond the categories of portrait and nude, these are studies of dense shapes, prototypical postures and gestures. Although these artworks have a quiet note, they mirror the freedom of art: the spontaneity of expression, the diversity of shapes, the transformation of reality into images—and not least the experience of realizing one’s own dream in the “land of opportunity.” Saul Leiter, who had traded the strict rules of his orthodox Jewish upbringing for this liberty, was true to it his whole lifetime as an artist. The exhibition is on view at Galerie Klaus Gerrit Friese, Meierottostr. 1, near Fasanenplatz.